The Red Data Book refers to documents maintained by a country or nation that are used to register and document rare and endangered plant and animal species found within the borders of that State or country.
What is Red data Book?
The Red Data Book is a public document created to list endangered and rare species of plants, animals, fungi, as well as some of the native subspecies found in a particular area.
All known endangered species and subspecies of plants, fungi and animals are listed in the Red Data Book.
The Red Data Book helps provide full information on research and studies on threatened animal species and subspecies. It also helps coordinate and develop programs to monitor these endangered and rare species. This is very helpful in developing effective measures that can help protect a wide range of endangered species.
The Red Book is kept by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature). The organization was founded in 1965 and is committed to “the conservation of nature and the sustainable use of natural resources”.
The Red Data Book helps us provide comprehensive information on research, studies and monitoring programs for rare and endangered species and their habitats.
The main purpose of this book is to identify and protect endangered species.
A Short History of the Red Data Book
The name of the book is of Russian origin, originally known as the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation or RDBRF. This book is based on research carried out by biologists in Russia between 1961 and 1964. Hence it is also called the Red data Book of Russia.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature currently maintains the Red data Book. The IUCN is the world’s most comprehensive inventory of the conservation status of species globally. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) was founded in 1948 to fully document all species that have ever lived.
Additional Information about Red Data Book
The Red data Book contains color-coded leaflets sorted by extinction risk of many species and subspecies.
Black is a species that has been confirmed to be extinct.
Red means endangered species
Yellow for species that are considered endangered
White is defined as a rare species
Green for previously endangered species but slowly recovering
Grayscale for species classified as endangered, endangered, or rare, but not enough information is available to classify them correctly.
In short, the Red Book indexes species such as:
- Not threatened
In addition, the Red Book contains information about why a species went extinct, population trends, and the extent of its range.
Red Data Book Advantages
- It can be used to assess taxa worldwide.
- It helps to identify all animals, birds and other species in terms of their conservation status.
- It can be used to estimate the total population of a particular plant or animal species.
- Used to estimate the population of a particular species.
- It can be used to determine the conservation status of any species.
- It can be used to estimate the risk of an endangered species of animal, plant or fungus at a given point in time.
- The data provided in this book can be used to assess taxa worldwide.
- With the help of this book we can estimate the global risk of taxa extinction.
- Provide a framework or guidance for implementing conservation measures for endangered species.
- This can be useful in developing plans to protect endangered animal or plant species
Disadvantages of the Red Data Book
- The Red Book is in progress and not all endangered or extinct species have been identified or introduced so it may not provide the most accurate data at any given time.
- The information available in the Red Book is incomplete. Many species, both extinct and existing, are not updated in this book.
- Documentation of data sources is not always well maintained, so the validity of the data is sometimes questioned.
- The source of the data in the book is speculative and controversial.
- This book keeps complete records of all animals, plants, and other species, but does not contain information about microbes.
Indian Red Data Book
According to the IUCN Red data Book of Indian, the following categories of endangered species have been identified.
Malaver Civet (Viverra mongoose)
Dhole / Asiatic wild dog or Indian wild dog (Cuon alpinus)
Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus)
Nilgiri langur / Nilgiri leaf monkey (Trachypithecus johnii)
Gaur / Indian bison
Nile Nile (Martes gwatkinsii)
Sandstone with a spoon (Eurynorhynchus pygmeus)
Reptiles on the verge of extinction
Sisparous diurnal gecko (Cnemaspis sisparensis)
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