Nigeria independence Constitution of 1960 and the first republican constitution of 1963

The Nigeria Independence constitution of 1960 and the first republican constitution of 1963. FEATURES OF NIGERIA INDEPENDENCE CONSTITUTION OF 1960 1. Parliamentary system: The Nigeria independence constitution provided for a democratic parliamentary system of government. 2. Federal system: A federal system of the government was retained. 3. Head of state: The Governor-General was the ceremonial … Read more

Definition of Multi-party and Zero-party System

Definition of Multi-Party and Zero-Party System, features of multi-party and zero-party system, merits/advantages of multi-party system and zero-party system, demerits/disadvantages of multi-party system and zero-party system. A multi-party system can be defined as a system with more than two political parties contesting for political power in a country. All the parties are duly registered and … Read more

Definition of party system (Two-party system)

    A two-party system may be defined as the existence of only two major political parties in a political system. These two parties are constitutionally recognized to contest elections.     Britain is a good example of a two-party state. There are two major political parties labor and conservative parties. The liberal party isa minor party. U.S.A, … Read more

Definition of Political party

Definition of political party, characteristics of a political party, importance of a political party, disadvantages/demerits of a political, types/structures of a political party.      A political party is defined as an organized group of citizens, who act together as an a political unit, having distinctive aims and objectives involving political questions in the state and … Read more

Definition of a Citizen: Rights of a citizen

Definition of a Citizen, rights of a citizen, ways of acquiring of a citizenship, qualifications of a citizenship, ways of losing of a citizenship, ways of safeguarding a citizen rights, limitations to a citizen rights, differences between a citizen and non-citizen A citizen is defined as a legal member of a state with full constitutional … Read more

Definition of Decentralization of Power | types, merits, demerits

Definition of Decentralization of Power, Types Decentralization of Power, Merits of Decentralization of Power, Demerits of Decentralization of Power. Definition of decentralization of power:Decentralization of power has to do with the sharing of power between the central government and other constituent units, within a political system. Powers are, therefore, distributed to these different units, thereby … Read more

Centralization of power: definition, advantages, disadvantages

Definition:      Centralization of power is defined as the process by which political power is located in a single central decision-making body. The highest degree of centralization is achieved where all powers of government are vested in a central authority. The degree of centralization is highest in a unitary state. Britain, France, etc. are … Read more

Meaning of Political Participation

Definition:       Political participation is defined as the process whereby individuals get themselves involved in political activities and the decision-making of their country. Forms of political participation Individual’spolitical participation may take the following forms; 1. Voting in elections: This is one of the ways of political participation and it allows the individual to vote for … Read more

Meaning of the judiciary arm of government

           The judiciary constitutes the arm of government that interprets the law of the state and applies the existing law to individual cases, In any modern state, the liberty of individuals depends upon the fairness of the courts in protecting against the tyranny of Overzealous members of the government. In Nigeria, … Read more

Meaning of fundamental human right

Definition     Fundamental human rights can be defined as those inalienable (natural) rights, and privileges enjoyed by the citizens of a given state, which is usually stated in the constitution of the country.  It is the responsibility of the state to ensure that its citizens enjoy these rights. These are the rights of the … Read more

Meaning of Liberty

                   Definition: Liberty is defined as the ability or willingness to do something and the power of doing what has been conceived without interference or influence from any other source. However, liberty, as defined above, could be an impossibility for all citizens at the same time. The … Read more

Meaning of Constitutionalism

   MEANING OF CONSTITUTIONALISM        Constitutionalism is based on the belief that the powers of the various organs of the government should be defined and regulated by the constitution, so that those who govern the Society do so without denying or violating human dignity. This shows that limitations are placed in the performance of their functions … Read more

Executive: Definition, Functions and Types.

        The executive arm of government is the organ responsible for policymaking and implementation of policies and laws made in the country. The executive arm of government is the same with administration or cabinet, the president or prime minister of a country, governors of states, ministers, the civil service, the armed forces, the police, etc, … Read more

Meaning of legislative arm of government

              The major function of the legislature as oneof the organs of government is lawmaking. It Is also the center of discussions about policy programs and ideas and the place where an important decision is made.       The legislature is often referred to as the Parliament, National Assembly, and in some countries, it … Read more

Meaning of federal and unitary constitution

          FEDERAL CONSTITUTION Meaning: A federal constitution is one that divides and apportions political powers to the different tiers of government in a particular country, for example, the central, states, and local governments. The powers of each tier are properly defined and derived from the constitution.Autonomy of each units therefore, guaranteed. For example, functions listed … Read more

Constitutional amendment process

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT PROCESS There are two different methods of amendinga constitution and these are:(i) Rigid Constitution (ii) Flexible constitution.         Constitutions should have the ability to change with time and circumstances. Classification of constitutions, therefore, is dependent on the method of amendment.         RIGID CONSTITUTION       A rigid constitution is defined as one that is … Read more

Definition of constitution

    Definition of constitution    A constitution is defined as a bodyof agreed rules and principles stating how topowers of governing a country are given andhow these powers are to be exercised. Constitution isestablishes a basic framework or fundamental law of the land. By so doing, it checks and sets limits not only to the … Read more

Meaning of Delegated legislation

NOTE: Before you read this, have you understood what the “Constitution” is all about? Definition of delegated legislation     Delegated legislation is defined as the act of transferring powers and functions through the Acts of parliament to other organizations such as ministers, local governments, public Corporations (NEPA, Water Board), etc.      Parliament finds … Read more

Definition of a unitary System of government and Reasons for the adoption of the unitary system government

Definition of a unitary system of government, reasons for a adoption of the unitary system of government, features of a unitary system of government, merits of a unitary system of government, and demerits of a unitary system of government. Definition of a unitary system of government/Unitary State      A unitary system of government can be … Read more